Manlio Dinucci (Il Manifesto, 16 March 2021)
Ten years ago, the 19 March 2011, US / NATO forces begin air-naval bombardment of Libya. The war is being directed by the United States, first through the Africa Command, then through NATO under US command. In seven months, the US / NATO aviation carries out 30 thousand missions, of which 10 thousand of attack, with over 40 thousand bombs and missiles.
Italy - with the multipartisan consent of the Parliament (Pd in the front row) - join the war with 7 air bases (Trapani, Gioia del Colle, Sigonella, Decimomannu, Aviano, Amendola and Pantelleria); with Tornado fighter-bombers, Eurofighter and others, with the aircraft carrier Garibaldi and other warships.
Even before the air-naval offensive, tribal sectors and Islamic groups hostile to the government had been financed and armed in Libya, and infiltrate special forces in particular Qatari, to ignite armed clashes inside the country.
In this way that African state is demolished which, as documented in 2010 the World Bank, maintained "high levels of economic growth", with a GDP increase of 7,5% annual, and recorded "high indicators of human development" including universal access to primary and secondary education and, for over 40%, to the university one. Despite the disparities, the average standard of living in Libya was higher than in other African countries. About two million immigrants found work there, mostly Africans.
The Libyan state, which possessed the largest oil reserves in Africa plus others of natural gas, it left limited profit margins for foreign companies. Thanks to energy exports, the Libyan trade balance was in surplus 27 billions of dollars annually. With these resources, the Libyan state had invested approximately 150 billions of dollars.
Libyan investments in Africa were crucial to the African Union's plan to create three financial organizations: the African Monetary Fund, based in Yaoundé (Cameroon); the African Central Bank, based in Abuja (Nigeria); the African Investment Bank, based in Tripoli. These bodies would serve to create a common market and a single currency for Africa.
It is no coincidence that the NATO war for the demolition of the Libyan state begins less than two months after the summit of the African Union which, the 31 January 2011, had started the creation of the African Monetary Fund within the year.
The emails from the Obama administration secretary of state prove it, Hillary Clinton, unearthed later by WikiLeaks: US and France wanted to eliminate Gaddafi before he used Libya's gold reserves to create a pan-African currency alternative to the dollar and the CFA franc (currency imposed by France a 14 former colonies).
Proof of this is the fact that, before that in 2011 bombers come into action, the banks take action: they seize i 150 billions of dollars invested abroad by the Libyan state, most of which disappear. Goldman Sachs stands out in the great robbery, the most powerful US investment bank, of which Mario Draghi was vice president.
Today in Libya, the revenues from energy exports are hoarded by power groups and multinationals, in a chaotic situation of armed clashes. The standard of living of the majority of the population has collapsed.
African immigrants, accused of being "Gaddafi's mercenaries", they were even imprisoned in zoo cages, tortured and murdered. Libya has become the main transit route, in the hands of human traffickers, of a chaotic migratory flow towards Europe that caused many more victims of the war in 2011.
In Tawergha the Islamic militias of Misrata supported by NATO (those who murdered Gaddafi in October 2011) they have carried out a real ethnic cleansing, almost forcing 50 thousands of Libyan citizens to flee without being able to return.
The Italian Parliament is also responsible for all this, the 18 March 2011, it committed the Government to «adopt every initiative (that is, Italy’s entry into the war against Libya) to ensure the protection of the populations of the region ".
(Il Manifesto, 16 March 2021)